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1890: Vishwamitri Bridge. Recently Kala Ghoda #htmlcaption1 1881: Central Jail #htmlcaption2 1890: Baroda State Library 1890: Band stand, Sayaji Baug 1875: Anglo Vernacular School Now Music Collage 1880: Zenna School. Now Sardar Girls School 1880: Juni Kothi 1890: Boat House. (recently not known) 1890: Golden Ambari (Now situated in Baroda Museum)

Very often known as the cultural capital of Gujarat, Vadodara may not have had a colourful history like Calcutta of Bombay of seen the great empire builders like Delhi. But then, unlike these cities, its history begins somewhere in the mid-pleistocene period. There are evidences of the existence of the early man of old stone age at the Mahi River valley at a number of sites within 10 to 20 kms. To the North-East of the present Vadodara.


Around the beginning of the Christian Era, a small township seems to have developed on the right bank of the river Vishwamistri. It came to be known as Ankotakka (present day Akota). The township of Ankotakka developed during the rule of the Guptas and Vallabhis. But a severe flood in 600 A.D. forced the inhabitants to abandon the township and move away to the East of Ankotakka. This formed the nucleus of a new township name Vadpadraka possibly due to the profuse presence of banyan tress which are comparatively many even today. The development of Vadodara was rapid from 11th centure A.D. to 14th Century A.D. in 1500 A.D. when Vadodara was given as Jagir by Muhamad Begda, the then Sultan of Gujarat, to his son prince Khail Khan, he built the modern fort of Vadodara. The fort was strong and well built and hence considering the safety aspect, the inhabitants of nereby villages came and settled here. Several lakes were then constructed. Within the next two centuries, the area adjacent to the fort also became inhabited. Vadodara has later inhabited during the Maratha period as indicated by the coins and pottery.


For the people of Vadodara today, its history begins with Sayajirao III. Vadodara’s identity can be summed up in its composite culture, catholicity of outlook and general enlightenment. There is a stamp of one person on Vadodara’s identity and that person is Sayajirao III. You cannot speak of any aspect of this city without reference to him. Vadodara’s identity is Sayajirao’s contribution. Under Sayajirao’s rule Vadodara flourished so much so that it ranked second only to Hyderabad of Nizam among the princly states in the country. He introduced manifold reforms which included arrangement of electricity supply in Vadodara State, mechanization of manufacturing units, co-operative movements free and compulsory education and introduction of prohibition.


That Vadodara is now on the cultural, educational and economic map of the country is largely owing to Sayajirao III. Whatever heritage this city has is the legacy of this great ruler who moulded the character of his subjects. After an illustrious life spanning over 76 eventful years, this great hero, who was adopted at the age of 12 years by the widow of the Maharaja Khanderao, went for his heavenly adobe in 1939.


Vadodara has witnessed establishment of medium and large scale industries. With great strides in economic field, the city has giant industrial complexes and public undertaking like Gujarat Refinery, Indian Petrochemicals, Gujarat State Fertilizers, Heavy Water Project, Oil & Natural Gas Commission etc.


Today the city is situated on both the banks of the river Vishwamistri and is famous as cultural capital of Gujarat and centre of educational activities. The population of the city is approx 1.9 million very soon.